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Panchayati Raj Institutions

“A Study on Effectiveness of Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) in Health Care System in the State of Kerala”

KDS has initiated a Planning Commission sponsored study on effectiveness of Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) in health care system in the State of Kerala. As Kerala is one among the states where the implementation of the Panchayati Raj Act has been successfully done and all 29 subjects, including health, mentioned in the Eleventh Schedule of the Constitution have been transferred to the PRIs and their functions are clearly demarcated among the three tiers, Planning Commission has assigned a study to KDS to capture the picture of functioning of health institutions in Kerala. The findings of the proposed study will enable Planning Commission to formulate an action plan to enhance the role of PRIs in public health delivery system and to tackle associated problems, especially issues related to duality of responsibilities and controls in health care system. The specific objectives of the study are as follows:

  • Critically examine the structure of public health institutions and devolution of functions, funds and functionaries to PRIs in health care system in the State of Kerala.

  • Analyse role of bureaucracy and assess the impact of duality of responsibilities and controls in health care system in the State of Kerala.

  • Identify problems and deficiencies on account of duality of controls and responsibilities and suggest measures to improve rural health delivery system.

  • Formulate an action plan for increased participation of PRIs in rural health delivery system.

  • Draw lessons from experience of Kerala, the State which has transferred its public health institutions to local government institutions well in advance for the consideration of other Indian states.

  • Prepare “best practices” of PRIs in public health services in Kerala for the dissemination among various Indian States.

A Poverty Eradication Programme in Kerala Performance, Impact and Lessons for other States

KDS has carried out an evaluation study on Kudumbasree, a SHG based rural livelihood programmer in Kerala. KDS has analyzed the impact of KDMS as a poverty eradication programmer and examined if it has reduced poverty substantially through effective co-operation and partnership with local governments. It has also suggested measures to improve effectiveness and impact of KDMS on poverty in view of changing national and global socio-economic scenario. It has examined the replicability of KDMS in other states of India as a poverty reduction programmer through decentralized structures. The study has formulated an action plan for replicating the programmer in other states of India.

The detailed report is available at http://planningcommission.gov.in/reports/sereport/ser/ser_kudu.pdf

Strengthening of Local Government Institutions in the Implementation of Right to Education Act: Bihar, Kerala and UP in a Comparative Perspective”.

KDS has initiated a research study on “Strengthening of Local Authorities in the Implementation of Right to Education Act: Bihar, Kerala and UP in a Comparative Perspective”.

The objectives of the study are as follows:

  • Evolve a methodology for evaluating the role and functions of local government in the implementation of Right to Education Act 2009.

  • Using the newly developed methodology, carry out a comparative assessment of the role, functions and responsibilities of local government in Bihar, Kerala and Uttar Pradesh.

  • Assess the preparation, capacity enhancement and framework needed for local governments to play their role effectively in Bihar, Kerala and Uttar Pradesh.

  • Suggest measures to improve school environment, infrastructure, teacher’s commitment, parents’ involvement and the delivery of other educational services with the support of local government.

The study is sponsored by National University of Education and Planning / Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. Dr.Jacob John is the Director of this research study.

Setting up of database of Network of Resource Persons on local government (NRLG)

Institute has set up a web enabled data base of resource persons on local government (NRLG) from the States of Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Orissa and West Bengal (www.nrlg.org) . The project is supported by Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. In the next phase, the database will be expanded by covering subject wise and state wise details of resource persons.

Objective of this project is as follows:

  • Facilitate Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India, other ministries and departments of central and state governments in using the inputs of resource persons in (a) building the capacity of elected representatives and officials of local government institutions (2) local level planning (3) execution of various government programmes through local government institutions.

  • Position the members of the network as specialists in the field of local governance in India to promote the interests of local governments and the decentralization process in India.

  • Identify and explore various opportunities for the resource persons to use their inputs for the better functioning of local government.

Resource Persons are:

  • Independent writers and thinkers in the field of Panchayati Raj Institutions.

  • Independent researchers/ resource persons in the field of Panchayati Raj Institutions.

  • Well – experienced former and current elected representatives of Panchayati Raj Institutions.

  • Faculties of Research Institutes/ Universities / Other educational institutions working in the field of Panchayati Raj Institutions.

By using the database and network, a social capital is being built up in the field of decentralization and local governance. KDS-Delhi has been maintaining the website (www.nrlg.org) and the database by providing several services to local government resource persons.

 
 
 
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